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Periodontal Disease in Teens and Adolescents

Student smiling with backpack onIt surprises many people to learn how common gingivitis and periodontal disease can be in younger adults and even adolescents. Gingivitis is a milder form of gum disease and usually serves as a warning that more serious problems may be on their way. If untreated, gingivitis can develop into full-blown periodontitis, which comes with some other health risks. Children and adolescents who suffer from type-1 diabetes or any other type of immune deficiencies are much more vulnerable to gingivitis and periodontal disease.

Gum Disease in Adolescents

Below are the main types of gingivitis and gum disease most commonly seen in children or adolescents:

  • Chronic gingivitis
    Symptoms of chronic gingivitis include swollen, bleeding, or red gum tissue. Seeking treatment early on in the disease can prevent gingivitis from developing into a more serious case of periodontal disease.
  • Aggressive/chronic periodontitis
    Chronic and aggressive periodontitis usually affect the eyeteeth and first molars. One of the characteristics that set this disease apart from the others is substantial bone loss. Strangely, those who suffer from this form of the disease don’t usually show much dental plaque build-up during cleanings and exams.
  • Generalized aggressive/chronic periodontal disease
    This form of periodontal disease is similar to the one we described above but is much more severe and affects the entire mouth. Symptoms include major plaque accumulation and red and swollen gums.

Periodontal disease changes the gum structure of the entire mouth. These changes weaken gum strength, allowing teeth to become loose or even to fall out of the mouth. The most important thing to do if you notice these changes in your child or adolescent is to set up an immediate appointment. The earlier they receive dental treatment, the better.

If you believe you or your child may be suffering from gum or periodontal disease, it’s important to be seen right away. To make an appointment at Severance Dental, please contact our Severance, Colorado dental office today.

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